Oino. How do modern Kyrgyz musicians learn to play the komuz?
Kyrgyz traditional music
Until the middle of the 20th century, kyrgyz musicians, as well as musicians of other peoples of Central Asia and Kazakhstan, learned to play musical instruments without using writing, notes and without attending any schools.

How then did such outstanding performers as Toktogul Satylganov or Ybrai Tumanov could appear and not only become famous for their virtuoso performance of music on the komuz, but also compose a huge number of musical pieces and give us no less talented students who, also not knowing the notes and letters, managed to pass on their knowledge and preserve it until our times? What unique way of learning did the nomadic Kyrgyz have?

Ybrai Tumanov (1888-1967)
Famous Kyrgyz composer and komuz player
Members of the traditional music ensemble "Kyrgyz Kayryk" while composing music
Such an oral form of storage and transfer of large volumes of information among Kyrgyz musicians is called "ustat-shakirt" - literally "from teacher to student" — that is a special kind of mentoring, when a student spends some time (sometimes several years) with his mentor, day after day. adopting not only his ability to play the instrument, but also comprehending his philosophy, wisdom and secrets of performance technique. The main feature of this technique is visibility and action. The absence of notes not only stimulated the student's memory, but also developed his imagination, which contributed to the emergence of new music and the development of the art of improvisation.
Modern Kyrgyz musicians are composing music for sybyzgy and komuz
But by the middle of the last century, this technique began to fade away,giving way to the academic format "school-lesson", where modern Kyrgyz komuz players already learn ancient music compositions by notes.

In our study we will compare these 2 training formats and see if it is possible to find more musicians in the Issyk-Kul region, which is considered the birthplace of virtuoso komuz players, who use this ancient technique? Has it changed? Is it still relevant?

Requirements to the students:
Basic knowledge about musical art and musical folklore

Altynai Abetekova

Bishkek, Kyrgystan
Altynai (33 years old, married) was born in Bishkek, graduated from the Children's Music School (piano class) in Issyk-Kul (Kaji-sai village), in 2006 entered the Music College (class of music theory), than graduated from conservatory in 2014 (musicology, ethnomusicology)
In 2016 became the Head of the public foundation "Music without Borders", whose mission is the development of music in Kyrgyzstan (funding and distribution).
She is also a graduate student of the National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic (art history) and works in the Kyrgyz National Conservatory.
In addition to ethnomusicology, for the last 5 years she has been engaged in management in the field of art and the preservation of the intangible cultural heritage of Kyrgyzstan.
- Member of the International Council for Association for Traditional music (ICTM)
- Member of the International Association of Musicologists and Composers of Kyrgyzstan

Dastan Birimkulov

Bishkek, Kyrgystan

Dastan was born on October 1st in the Issyk-Kul region.

He graduated from secondary and music school in 2015. In the same year he entered the Opera and Choir Studio of the Kyrgyz National Conservatory, the Faculty of Folk Instruments. After two years of study he entered the same faculty of the Kyrgyz National Conservatory as a student.

In the summer of 2018 he became a member of the musical experimental project "Kyrgyz Kairyk" (Kyrgyzstan). In the same year he began working as a performance musician at the Russian Drama Theater named after Ch. Aitmatov, and in 2019 became a member of the Omnibus Academy of Contemporary Music (Uzbekistan).

In September 2019 began teaching in the musical school named after P.F. Shubin (Kyrgyz wind instruments)

Since 2022 he has been working for the Kyrgyz State Philharmonic as an orchestra artist. In May 2022 he became a member of the Batyr Lab musical residency (Kazakhstan) and in June graduated from the conservatory.

In the summer of 2022 he became a member of the international multi-genre project "Bashat" (Yssyk-Kul, Kyrgyzstan) and a member of the international musical project (camp) "Kyrgyz Kairyk" (Yssyk-Kul, Kyrgyzstan).
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