14TH INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH SCHOOL
The comfort of living in 2022: city or countryside?
Urban Studies, Social Sciences, Human Ecology
Now the world is undergoing a process of urbanization - the role of cities in the development of society becomes more important. In the conditions of urbanization, the load on urban areas increases, but the population of rural areas becomes smaller, living conditions there often remain unfavorable.

Nowadays more than half of the world's population lives in cities, and every year this figure is growing. But in cities the issue of comfort is often directly related to urbanization (transport infrastructure, constructing, landscaping), while in rural areas there are still problems with the availability of electricity, water and other basic needs.
Comfort is one of the basic needs in the life of a modern men. Various factors can affect comfort, depending on the environmental, economic and social characteristics of the therretory. For example, in Yakutia, the temperature regime plays a significant role: very cold winters and permafrost require additional conditions for living quarters and transport.

It is possible to achieve the development of a comfortable environment only by taking into account three different aspects at once: environmental, economic and social. In our research we will rely on the concept of sustainable development, which combines these aspects and allows us to consider the causes of discomfort in life in the territory in a comprehensive manner.
The purpose of our research is to explore what conditions are necessary for comfortable living of the population in urban areas, and which ones - in rural areas, based on the concept of sustainable development.

We will interview the rural and urban population about the problems of living comfort that are relevant to them. We'll analyze surveys and find out what is important for the inhabitants of each type of territory, but we will also pay attention to environmental problems that may go unnoticed (eg illegal landfills, water pollution, etc.).

We will work with maps (GIS), open data and conduct field environmental studies. We'll also walk around urban and rural areas and photograph their typical landscapes, explore the flora and fauna, find out how a comfortable living environment is arranged - sidewalks, playgrounds, yards, etc.
Thus, we highlight the main problems affecting the comfort of living in different areas near Yakutsk, and foreign participants will be able to conduct a similar research for their locality using the same methods.

In the final, we will compare the data obtained for urban and rural areas and try to figure out how to ensure the development of a comfortable environment in different conditions in order to achieve a modern and eco-friendly life for the population in the conditions of urbanization.
It will be especially interesting to compare the criteria for the comfort of living in Yakutia with how it works in other countries, so we will be very glad to foreign participants! All you need to participate is a computer, Internet access and a smartphone camera, as well as basic knowledge in ecology and sociology.

The concept of sustainable development and global trends can be found in detail on the official website of the UN: https://sdgs.un.org/en/goals
Requirements to the students:
- interest in biology and chemistry,
- basic knowledge of ecology,
- observation skills,
- the ability to analyze information,
- basic knowledge of sociology and the ability to conduct sociological research (population surveys).
- сonfident in using Google Sheets and Forms.
- ability to work with maps in programs will be a plusi

Tutor

Alexandra Savelieva

Saint Petersburg/Moscow, Russia
Alexandra has graduated from the Faculty of Soil Science of Lomonosov Moscow State University in 2019, specializing in "Environmental Management and Environmental Safety". She devoted her graduate thesis to assessing the comfort of living in the city of Krasnogorsk, Moscow Region. She always dreamed of being a teacher at school, so tutoring at IRS is a long-awaited opportunity to try.

After graduating from the university, Alexandra gave a course of lectures there, though in photography - in addition to her scientific interests, Alexandra is a professional photographer and photography teacher.
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